Open Access Publishing

Authors who wish to make their articles Open Access can publish in a hybrid iMeDPub journal or in a full OA journal.
Open Access publishing in a hybrid journal
Hybrid journals are journals which are subject to just a part of the OA principles. In most cases the are offered by established publishers as Springer and Elsevier. Hybrid journals include a mix of OA and subscription-only articles (i.e. articles available only to paid subscribers). Authors who choose the OA option will usually be required to pay a fee to cover the costs of publication. However, the author will often be able to retain copyright in the article.
The advantage of publishing in a hybrid journal of established publishers is that the journal is part of the system with impact factors for print journals. Also, the author is not limited to the relatively small number of full OA journals in some research domains.
Author payments for publishing in hybrid journal must not merely add to the normal subscription cost, but rather reduce the cost. An increase in the author-financed articles has to provide a proportionate reduction in the costs. The more OA articles a journal offers, the lower the subscription rates for print journals (reflected in prices for the journal only two years later).
Hybrid journals are not limited to the choice models of journals of the established publishers. Sometimes, it may involve an author who has transferred some of his/her rights to the publisher, or a situation where permission for use is less far-reaching than is required for OA. In all cases, however, a published article is always accessible free of charge to everyone and the author or the organisation pays a publication fee.

Open Access publishing in a full OA journal
A full Open Access journal is defined as a scholarly journal in which all articles are published according to the principles of Open Access. The most important characteristics of an OA journal are:
  • The articles are accessible free of charge.
  • The author has granted a non-exclusive licence for wide (re)use.
  • The author holds copyright.
  • The journal conducts peer review.
Producing an OA journal is not without costs. The costs involved are for example for organising peer review, typesetting and indexing, marketing, setting up an Internet server and archiving. But now, it is not the reader who pays through a subscription or pay-per-view. The chosen business model determines who pays the publishing fees:
  • The author pays (or the academic institution involved).
  • The funding agency of the researchs pays (as part of a research grant).
  • Some journals have income from other publications, advertising, priced add-ons or auxiliary services; no fee or just a small fee is charged.
Who benefits from open access?
Labelling your work as open access makes it accessible to a broader, world-wide audience. It increases its visibility and impact and creates a solid basis for the advancement of your academic career. All the while you retain the copyright of your work and the freedom to use it anyway you wish.
Science builds upon past achievements. If you are a researcher, open access allows you to build upon a larger body of free knowledge. Your ability to access the wisdom present across the globe becomes independent of the resources provided by your library and institution. Dive freely into the collective genius.
Scientific community
Open access is an all-around enhancer of scientific climate. It ignites collaboration between scientists and creates a richer and more effective science. By enabling wider dissemination of science and faster communication of research findings, open access exposes you to latest research developments and accelerates breakthroughs.
General public
As a member of the public, you pay for taxpayer-funded research, so you should have free access to it. Open access makes cutting-edge research available to ordinary people, maximizing the benefits of scientific developments.
Libraries and universities
Open access literature significantly alleviates the pressure on library budgets created by the inflation of subscription prices for scientific literature. This enhances the library resources, catering to a hive of researchers in quest of their academic goals, which in turn reflects positively on university's research profile and rating.
Funding agencies
Institutions spending money on research want the widest possible dissemination of the work they have funded and free access to its outputs. They want better management, monitoring and assessment of their funding. Open access makes all of this easier.

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